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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 22 No. 6, p. 533-538
     
    Received: Mar 28, 1958


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1958.03615995002200060016x

An Evaluation of Phosphorus Fertilizers Varying in Water Solubility: I. Hill Applications for Corn1

  1. John R. Webb and
  2. John T. Pesek2

Abstract

Abstract

The degree of water solubility of the phosphorus exerted a marked influence on the growth, phosphorus absorption, and yield of corn in 20 field experiments involving hill fertilization rates of 10 to 30 pounds of available P2O5 per acre.

All of the experiments showed consistent trends toward larger yield increases with increasing water solubility of the phosphorus, and a statistically significant source effect was observed in 12 of the 20 experiments. The largest increase in fertilizer effectiveness per unit increase in water solubility occurred on the lower part of the solubility scale. About 90% of the yield increase attributable to water solubility was attained with fertilizers having 60% of the phosphorus in a water-soluble form.

Plant height measurements indicated that early season growth response was correlated very closely with phosphorus rates and water solubility. The use of P32 labeled fertilizers in one experiment revealed that the fraction of plant phosphorus derived from the fertilizer increased significantly with increasing phosphorus water solubility. However, rate and source of phosphorus had only a slight effect on the total phosphorus content of leaves sampled at silking time.

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