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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 24 No. 6, p. 453-457
     
    Received: Feb 10, 1960
    Published: Nov, 1960


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1960.03615995002400060012x

Adsorption and Release of Strontium from Clays and Soils With Equilibration, Isotopic Tracer and Plant Uptake Techniques1

  1. E. O. McLean,
  2. T. G. Arscott and
  3. V. V. Volk2

Abstract

Abstract

The percentages of Sr90 adsorbed by bentonite and illite clays when saturated to various degrees with the complementary ions H, Ca, Ba, and K were determined. The percentages of Sr90 taken up in an 8-hour period by soybean plants from the above systems as well as from solutions containing the same total concentrations of the cations as the clays were also computed. The amounts of Sr absorbed by a soil containing various levels of exchangeable Ca (established by prior rates of liming in the field) were measured by equilibration with SrCl2 solutions. Sr was generally adsorbed less and taken up by plants more from illite than from bentonite. Addition of Ca or Ba as compared to H decreased Sr adsorbed and increased Sr uptake by plants from the clays, thus having the effect of accelerating the decontamination of the clays by cropping. Sr appeared to be bonded by bentonite but not by illite with sufficient energy to restrict its uptake by soybeans. Increased level of exchangeable Ca in a soil did not appreciably affect the amounts of Sr adsorbed from SrCl2 solutions.

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