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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 26 No. 2, p. 155-160
     
    Received: May 16, 1961
    Published: Mar, 1962


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1962.03615995002600020018x

Measurement of Microbial Thermogenesis in Soil1

  1. Francis E. Clark,
  2. Ray D. Jackson and
  3. Herbert R. Gardner2

Abstract

Abstract

Microbially induced temperature changes were measured in laboratory soil lots without vacuum insulation or adiabatic control. The instrumentation consisted of thermistors, a 52-point stepping switch, and a bridge-type strip-chart recorder. The thermistors were variously positioned in soil quantities of 25 g., 3.3 kg., and 39.6 kg. The temperature changes were measured on an alluvial sandy loam, unamended or amended with either alfalfa meal or sucrose, at rates ranging from 0.1 to 1.0%. Temperature elevations of the order of 1.5°C. were observed in the 39.6 kg. uninsulated soil lots containing 1.0% alfalfa meal and 5.3°C. in 3.3-kg. soil lots similarly amended and incubated in insulated containers. Addition of 1.0% alfalfa meal to 25 g. soil in uninsulated glass containers led to a maximum rise of 0.22°C.

In other work, soil temperature values were determined in various soil lots given lesser rates of organic amendments. The data obtained show that organic residues in soil can cause local areas within which microbially induced thermogenesis is measurable for intervals of several days, or even weeks, despite the relatively high specific heat capacity and conductivity of moist soil.

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