Potassium Ion Fixation, Equilibria, and Lattice Changes in Vermiculite1
- Everett J. Dennis and
- Roscoe Ellis2
The influence of different levels of added potassium on the equilibrium values of water-soluble, exchangeable, and “fixed” potassium in a vermiculite system was investigated by chemical methods. X-ray diffraction techniques were used to establish the levels of added potassium necessary to result in changes in the basal “d” spacing of the vermiculite lattice. The effects of dehydration and complementary ion were studied.
In general, fixation of potassium by vermiculite against chemical extraction was associated with a change in the basal “d” spacing of the vermiculite lattice as shown by X-ray diffraction. However, some potassium was fixed against chemical extraction which was not detected by the X-ray diffraction method employed. Dehydration increased potassium fixation. Calcium and sodium systems were compared to determine the influence of the complementary ion on the fixation process. For a given level of exchangeable potassium, more fixation of potassium occurred when calcium was the complementary ion.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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