The Relation of Plant Maturity to the Type of Organisms Predominant in Plant Decomposition1
- D. W. McKinstry,
- D. E. Haley and
- J. J. Reid2
A characteristic flora was found on the leaves of growing cigar-leaf tobacco. A similar flora was found on red clover.
The predominant forms found upon the growing plant were Gram-negative rods. Aerobic spore-formers, micrococci and fungi could always be demonstrated though present in relatively small numbers.
Decomposition of green tobacco was found to be associated with the activities of the Gram-negative rods.
Immature cigar-leaf harvested late in the season was found to be generally characterized by a Gram negative decomposition in any attempt at fermentation. Immature cigarleaf harvested early in the season and cured during the late summer was found to ordinarily develop a Gram-positive flora and ferment satisfactorily.
Mature leaf improperly cured was found to develop a satisfactory Gram-positive flora in some cases, and a Gram-negative flora in others.
Both maturity and cure seem important in the change of the substrate from a type favoring the development of Gram-negative rods to a type permitting the development of Gram-positive organisms.
Soluble carbohydrates and high protein content were found to be associated with Gram-negative development.
Absence of soluble carbohydrates, reduced protein content, and a high content of fixed acids and amides were chemical characteristics found associated with the development of a Gram-positive flora.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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