Response of Corn to Zinc as Affected by Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizers1
- G. L. Terman,
- S. E. Allen and
- B. N. Bradford2
Response of 2 successive crops of corn (Zea mays L.) forage to fine zinc sulfate mixed with 2 soils was measured in greenhouse pot experiments. Zinc sulfate was also incorporated into −9 + 16-mesh granules of each of four phosphates, ammonium nitrate (AN), and ammonium sulfate (AS) fertilizers. Large amounts of fine dicalcium phosphate (DCP), concentrated superphosphate (CSP), monoammonium phosphate (MAP), and ammonium polyphosphate (APP) depressed the pH of Hartsells fine sandy loam (limed to pH 7.1) increasingly in the order listed. Depression in soil pH was closely related to response of corn to 6 and 12 mg of applied Zn per pot (2 and 4 ppm of Zn). In Nolichucky sandy clay loam (pH 7.3) and Hartsells soil limed heavily to pH 8.0, soil pH remained high and response to Zn with the APP, MAP, and CSP sources of P was similar and greater than with DCP. Forage yields and uptake of Zn were in the order: Zn mixed alone with the soil > Zn in AN or AS granules > Zn in phosphate granules > no applied Zn. Results with Zn in DCP granules were poorest. Reciprocal Relationships between concentrations of P and Zn in the corn were largely related to yield levels dependent on sufficiency of Zn.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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