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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 32 No. 3, p. 403-408
    Received: Sept 1, 1967
    Accepted: Feb 20, 1968

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Clay Accumulation in Some Hapludalfs as Related to Calcareous Till and Incorporated Loess on Drumlins in Wisconsin1

  1. R. J. Allan and
  2. F. D. Hole2



A distinct boundary (γ) between the dark-colored, acid solum and the paler calcareous dolomitic sandy loam till in 24 representative Hapludalf profiles on drumlins in southeastern Wisconsin is related to carbonate content of the till (b′ = 0.61 and r = 0.75) and depth of a silty covering (b′ = 0.68), (R2 = 67). In the absence of a silty covering, clay accumulation above the γ was apparently not influenced by the carbonate content of the till (r = 0.16 and R2 = 3) because the solum deepened by leaching of the till at the same rate as clay accumulated.

Clay accumulation is also attributed in part to the admixture into till of loess different from that of the discrete silty coverings and attributable, on the basis of mineralogical studies of five profiles, to a distant source. Coarse silt of the silty coverings is mineralogically similar to the coarse silt of the till beneath the sola, except for that indicated by a higher content of Zr in the coverings.

Eluviation of clay of the loess has been important in the genesis of the argillic horizon in these soils.

Leaching of the till usually has resulted in the concentration of coarser and less weatherable fractions in the lower B horizon adjacent to the γ boundary. In most profiles clay did not accumulate notably immediately above the coarser of the sandy loam calcareous tills. Dolomite content of the Carbonate fraction of the till 5 cm below the γ boundary of six profiles averaged 95.6% compared with 97.0% at 55 cm still lower, indicating that the dissolved carbonate from the solum did not form a distinct Cca horizon.

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