Effect of Chloride Salts on Ammonium Nitrogen Release in Two Hawaiian Soils1
- B. R. Singh,
- A. S. Agarwal and
- Y. Kanehiro2
Akaka silty clay and Wahiawa silty clay were treated with the chloride salts of mono-, di-, and trivalent cations. Carbon dioxide production in salt-treated samples was slightly less than in the control. NH4-N release was a direct function of salt concentration and length of incubation. Once the NH43 ions were formed from soil organic-inorganic complexes, the different cations had a second and larger effect on the exchange reaction which transferred the NH4 ions from surface sites to the soil solution. The equilibrium state of the exchange reaction was largely dependent on the nature and concentration of cations in the soil solution, as well as on the length of incubation.
A consideration of the overall effect of cations on NH4 release in the two soils led to the series, Al > Fe > Ca > Mg > K > Na, in order of decreasing NH4 replacing power. However, the series was applicable only to a concentration of 0.1M. At higher concentrations, Al and Fe ions were believed to be complexed in the soil and were thereby inactivated. The added salts had little or no effect on NO3-N content of the two soils.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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