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Abstract

 

This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 33 No. 6, p. 887-890
     
    Received: May 26, 1969
    Accepted: July 15, 1969


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1969.03615995003300060026x

Predicting Specific Conductance from Electrolytic Properties and Ion Association in Some Aqueous Solutions1

  1. K. K. Tanji2

Abstract

Abstract

Specific conductances in aqueous solutions of electrolytes up to 0.1N concentration were predicted with an extended form of the Onsager limiting equation and compared with measured values. For completely dissociated chloride solutions the calculations involved ionic conductance, electrophoretic and relaxation effects, and other electrolytic properties. Incompletely dissociated sulfate solutions required additional considerations of ion association of NaSO4-, CaSO4°, and MgSO4°. Agreement was good between predicted and accepted literature conductance values. This quantitative description of conductance provides a theoretical explanation of why electrical conductivity underestimates analytically determined solute concentrations in waters and soil solutions containing moderate concentrations of SO42-.

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