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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 34 No. 1, p. 24-27
    Received: June 18, 1969
    Accepted: Sept 12, 1969

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Measuring Unsaturated Soil Moisture Flow With a Meter1

  1. J. W. Cary2



A meter for measuring unsaturated soil moisture flow was constructed and tested in the laboratory. The meter was made from a single porous plate mounted in a thin brass cylinder. Flow through the meter was calculated from measurements of hydraulic head loss in the porous ceramic plate. The unit was calibrated in silt loam, silty clay, and loamy sand soils under nonisothermal but steady state conditions. It responded to water vapor flow induced by thermal gradients, as well as to liquid flow. Transient tests made in the silt loam soil indicated that it is possible to calibrate the meter under such conditions. Design analysis indicates that increasing the length of the cylinder reduces the sensitivity of the meter's calibration to changes in soil moisture content.

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