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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 34 No. 2, p. 201-206
     
    Received: Apr 14, 1969
    Published: Mar, 1970


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1970.03615995003400020010x

Prediction of Interlayer Swelling of Clays in Mixed-Salt Solutions1

  1. B. L. McNeal2

Abstract

Abstract

A comparison has been made of the relative interlayer swelling values predicted from two different ion-distribution models for mixed Na-, Ca-clays. When interlayer swelling predicted from a demixed-ion model is plotted as a function of exchangeable-sodium-percentage (ESP) at constant salt concentration, a series of straight lines having increasing slopes and decreasing ESP-axis intercepts with decreasing salt concentration is obtained. Similar plots involving a diffuse double-layer (mixed-ion) model produce a series of hyperbolas having concentration-dependent intercepts on the swelling, rather than the ESP, axis. Most of the limited data available from the literature on soil and clay swelling in mixed-salt solutions agree more closely with predictions from the demixed-ion model, though neither model is fit exactly. Implications and limitations of each swelling model are discussed.

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