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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Nitrogen Fixation by Azotobacter paspali in Association with Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum)1


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 35 No. 2, p. 286-289
    Received: July 22, 1970
    Accepted: Nov 19, 1970

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  1. Donald L. Kass,
  2. Matthew Drosdoff and
  3. Martin Alexander2



Establishment of Azotobacter paspali in the rhizosphere of Paspalum notatum grown in sand was consistently successful only with tetraploid varieties of the grass when glucose was added at the time of inoculation. Increases in the nitrogen content of the roots and in the total nitrogen content of the sandplant system were associated with successful Azotobacter colonization. These increases were significant at p < 0.05. There was no evidence for improved growth or for nitrogen gains in the above-ground portions of the plants resulting from A. paspali establishment.

Soils containing tetraploid P. notatum and A. paspali showed considerable nitrogen fixation, as measured by acetylene reduction. The nitrogen gains appeared to be a consequence of growth of photosynthetic microorganisms, since all fixation ceased when soils were incubated in the dark.

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