Some Effects of Aggregate Structure Heterogeneity on Root Growth1
- W. B. Voorhees,
- Min Amemiya,
- R. R. Allmaras and
- W. E. Larson2
Roots of barley (Hordeum vulgare) seedlings were allowed to grow into soil aggregates about 1 cm in diameter. The aggregates were formed to have densities ranging from 1.4 to 1.8 g cm-3. The resulting physically different internal structures were used to vary the extent of root proliferation within the aggregate. Aggregates of different densities were mixed so that the roots had equal opportunity to grow into the various physical types of aggregates. Root growth into a given aggregate type was ascertained by tagging certain aggregates with 32P.
Roots penetrated agregates having dry densities of 1.4 g cm-3 but were restricted to the periphery of aggregates having a dry density of 1.8 g cm-3. Root growth within a given aggregate was also affected by the soil strength and pore size distribution within adjacent aggregates. Roots growing in beds of aggregates of uniform density were qualitatively, as well as quantitatively, different from roots growing in beds of aggregates with more than one density. Although not measured directly, the extent of root hair development and the soil volume explored by a given root segment in various physical environments were likely responsible for this difference in root characteristics. The relationship between these data and field observations is given.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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