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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 36 No. 4, p. 606-610
     
    Received: Feb 2, 1972
    Published: July, 1972


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1972.03615995003600040031x

Hydrolysis of Propazine by the Surface Acidity of Organic Matter1

  1. D. C. Nearpass2

Abstract

Abstract

Propazine [2-chloro-4, 6-bis (isopropylamino)-s-triazine] hydrolysis in acidic aqueous soil-free systems was pH dependent, increasing with lower pH values. At a given pH, degradation followed first-order kinetics. At 23.5C, the relationship was log t½ (days) = 0.59 pH −0.21. Adsorption of propazine by organic matter prepared from Michigan peat was also pH dependent, but both molecular and cationic adsorption occurred. An increased rate of degradation in the presence of organic matter was postulated as due to hydrolysis by ionized surface hydrogen. Increasing the calcium saturation resulted in decreased hydrolysis. Increasing the CaCl2 concentration of the propazine-organic matter-aqueous system had no effect on acid hydrolysis. In the salt-amended systems, an increased hydrolysis, to be expected from the lower pH in the ambient solution, was apparently offset by a decreased hydrolysis due to the lowered amounts of ionized surface hydrogen.

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