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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Nitrogen, Salinity, and Acidity Distribution in an Irrigated Orchard Soil as Affected by Placement of Nitrogen Fertilizers1


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 36 No. 5, p. 803-808
    Received: Apr 4, 1972
    Accepted: June 7, 1972

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  1. B. C. Felizardo,
  2. N. R. Benson and
  3. H. H. Cheng2



A field experiment was conducted to determine the vertical and lateral changes in the distribution of nitrogen, salinity, and acidity occurring in an irrigated orchard soil following addition of (NH4)2SO4, NH4NO3, or Ca(NO3)2 by broadcast, in broad band, or in narrow band. The NH4 and NO3 contents in soil decreased rapidly even under narrow band placements. Considerable nitrate movement was observed. After 1 year, neither the total nor the inorganic N level in the fertilized plots was significantly different from that of the control. High salinity was detected under the narrow band placements, but the level diminished rapidly with time. Little salinity was evident under the broad band or broadcast placements. However, the acidity produced by the ammonium fertilizers persisted after 1 year. Changes in soil properties under narrow bands were drastic, whereas changes under broad bands were insignificant.

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