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Abstract

 

This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 37 No. 3, p. 367-371
     
    Received: July 31, 1972
    Accepted: Jan 26, 1973


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1973.03615995003700030017x

Chemical Properties of Acid-Sulfate Soils Recently Reclaimed from Florida Marshland1

  1. D. V. Calvert and
  2. H. W. Ford2

Abstract

Abstract

Acid soil layers, with pH as low as 3.0, were found in the subsurface horizons of soils derived from marine sediments and have been recently developed into citrus groves. Soil layers with acidity varying from pH 3.0 to 7.7 and sulfate content from 0.5 to 39.0 meq/100 g of soil were compared for their capability of producing acid-sulfates. Lime requirements of selected acid layers were found to be as high as 4.5 meq of CaCO3 equivalent per 100 g of soil. The acid-sulfate potential (oxidation of reduced sulfur to H2SO4) accounts for the reduction of pH of the reclaimed soils. The sulfate content of soil layers was often in excess of 2,000 ppm when the soil pH after oxidation with H2O2 was below 3.0 and was dependent on oxidizable sulfur content of the sample and buffering capacity of the soil. Oxidized soil layers with pH values below 3.5 released soluble Al and Fe up to 275 ppm and 100 ppm, respectively.

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