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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Accretion and Dilution of Nutrients in Young Corn, as Affected by Yield Response to Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium1


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 38 No. 3, p. 455-460
    Received: Sept 13, 1973
    Accepted: Nov 1, 1973

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  1. G. L. Terman and
  2. S. E. Allen2



Hybrid corn (Zea mays L.) was grown in infertile soil fertilized with none and three nonzero rates of N, P, or K in separate treatment series; other nutrients were applied in each series at uniform levels. Near-linear increases in uptake of N, P, or K with amount applied occurred during 25, 41, and 53 days' growth. Concentrations of N, P, or K increased with amount applied and decreased with continued growth in each series; uniformly applied P and K, N and K, or N and P were diluted with increase in dry matter resulting from continued growth and yield response to increasing amounts of the third nutrient. Yield-concentration relationships in the N response series were similar for N, Ca, Mg, Mn, and Zn. Response to P or K resulted in dilution of all other nutrients. Concentrations of total cations increased with concentrations of N in each response series; the reverse was true with P and K. Thus, the results suggest that a positive relationship between dry matter yields and total cations (C), total inorganic anions (A), and C-A depends on whether yield response is due to N or to other growth-limiting factors.

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