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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 39 No. 4, p. 639-643
     
    Received: July 5, 1974
    Published: July, 1975


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1975.03615995003900040021x

Chemical Conversion of Parathion on Soil Surfaces1

  1. Bruno Yaron2

Abstract

Abstract

Chemical conversion of parathion was studied on a range of sterile soils widely different in organic matter content and clay mineralogy. After 130 days' incubation at room temperature, conversion ranged between 3–23% for air-dried samples and was < 10% for moist ones in all the soils studied. The conversion was found to proceed via hydrolysis of the phosphate ester bond. A conversion mechanism is proposed. The conversion was affected by soil constituents like clay and organic matter—the rate decreasing in the order:—kaolinite > montmorillonite > organic matter, this being inversely related to the adsorption affinity of these materials for parathion. This phenomenon is explained by assuming that surface catalysis of parathion occurs at specific active sites only. For almost all the soils studied, the presence of water apparently blocked the active sites required for parathion decomposition, indicating that the soils' catalytic activity is moisture dependent.

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