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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 39 No. 6, p. 1015-1019
     
    Received: May 20, 1974
    Accepted: July 28, 1975


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1975.03615995003900060008x

Predicting Anion Movement in Disturbed and Undisturbed Soils1

  1. D. K. Cassel,
  2. M. Th. Van Genuchten and
  3. P. J. Wierenga2

Abstract

Abstract

Prediction of anion displacement in soils has proven difficult owing to anion exclusion and the occurrence of anion sources or sinks within the soil system. In addition, variations in bulk density and texture with depth cause mean pore water velocity and soil water content to be functions of depth. In this paper a numerical solution of a modified convective diffusion equation, which accounts for apparent anion exclusion and variations in soil water content and mean pore water velocity as functions of depth, is discussed. Moreover, a zero-order rate term is incorporated to account for nitrification occurring in the upper portion of the soil profile.

The model was tested using previously published NO3 and 36Cl displacement data for disturbed and undisturbed cores of Aberdeen loam. The model predicted 36Cl displacement well. Incorporation of the source term improved prediction of the nitrate breakthrough curve, but agreement of the predicted curve with observed data was only fair. When average values for water content and bulk density were used throughout the entire column, instead of depth dependent values, the description of anion movement was not as good. It is suggested, however, that the improvement in accuracy of prediction of anion displacement may be less than the variation in solute movement observed among replicate soil cores.

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