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Abstract

 

This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 40 No. 4, p. 541-546
     
    Received: July 7, 1975


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1976.03615995004000040026x

Evaluation of the Parameters of Soil Phosphorus Availability Factors in Predicting Yield Response and Phosphorus Uptake1

  1. R. C. Dalal and
  2. E. G. Hallsworth2

Abstract

Abstract

The importance of quantity, intensity, capacity, and rate factors of soil P availability to account quantitatively for the variation in P uptake and wheat grain yield in pot and field experiments was studied. Among the parameters of the quanitity factor (L, E, Ec, E1.0, Q0 value, NH4F-P, NaOH-P, H2SO4-P, organic P, Olsen P, Colwell P, carbonate P, and anion-exchange resin, AER-P), L value was found to be highly correlated with P uptake at 35 and 150 days after planting (maturity) when all the soils were considered. However, the carbonate P (soil P extracted for 16 hours with 0.25M NaOH-0.1M Na2CO3 at a soil/solution ratio of 1:100) was found to be the best parameter of the quantity factor when the soils containing high amounts of hematite/goethite (> 20%) were excluded. The parameters of the intensity factor (0.01M CaCl2 soluble P, aH2PO4i and phosphate potential) were significantly correlated with P uptake at early growth (35 days) whereas the parameter of the capacity factor (maximum buffering capacity, Mb) was bezter correlated with P uptake at the later stage (150 days). The rate factor, as measured by AER was better correlated with P uptake at 35 days than with P uptake at 150 days after planting. The quantity factor as measured by the carbonate P accounted for 75 and 93% of the variation in P uptake and grain yield, respectively. The capacity factor, Mb when combined with the quantity factor accounted for more of the variation in P uptake (150 days) from 75 to 86%. The intensity and the rate factors had a smaller effect.

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