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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 41 No. 1, p. 53-57
     
    Received: Apr 8, 1976
    Accepted: Sept 22, 1976


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1977.03615995004100010019x

Effect of pH on Adsorption of Arsenic and Selenium from Landfill Leachate by Clay Minerals1

  1. R. R. Frost and
  2. R. A. Griffin2

Abstract

Abstract

Adsorption of As(V), As(III), and Se(IV) anions from municipal landfill leachate solutions by the clay minerals kaolinite and montmorillonite is strongly dependent upon solution pH.

The H2AsO4- and HSeO-3 ions are the apparent primary As(V) and Se(IV) species being adsorbed by the clay minerals. Activation of the anion adsorption sites on the clay minerals by H+ ions is important in determining the amount of HSeO3- ions adsorbed by the clay minerals, but it is apparently not important in determining the amount of H2AsO4- ions adsorbed.

Montmorillonite adsorbed more As(V), As(III), and Se(IV) anions than kaolinite. Although no definite proof is given, the higher adsorption by montmorillonite is attributed to a higher edge surface area.

The results of the study suggest that disposal of As and Se wastes in municipal landfills, especially under alkaline conditions, could produce ground water contamination by As and Se.

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