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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 42 No. 1, p. 23-27
     
    Received: June 10, 1977
    Accepted: Sept 15, 1977


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1978.03615995004200010006x

Effects of Soil Moisture on the Diffusion Coefficients and Activation Energies of Tritiated Water, Chloride, and Metribuzin1

  1. H. D. Scott and
  2. R. F. Paetzold2

Abstract

Abstract

Diffusion coefficients of tritiated water, chloride, and metribuzin were determined in Captina silt loam as functions of soil water content and soil temperature. Tritiated water and metribuzin were found to diffuse in both liquid and vapor phases, whereas chloride diffusion was restricted to the solution phase. For a given soil water content, values of the diffusion coefficients were larger in soil samples from the Ap horizon than in those from the B2t horizon for tritiated water and chloride. This was attributed to the greater tortuosity in the B2t horizon. Metribuzin had similar diffusion coefficients in both horizons, apparently reflecting offsetting effects due to the greater adsorption by the Ap and greater tortuosity in the B2t.

Thermodynamic studies indicated that the energy requirement for diffusion of these solutes was inversely related to soil moisture content for tritiated water and metribuzin. Activation energies for chloride diffusion were lower than for other solutes at equal soil water contents.

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