Phosphorus Response of Corn on an Oxisol as Influenced by Rates and Placement1
- R. S. Yost,
- E. J. Kamprath,
- E. Lobato and
- G. Naderman2
Phosphorus deficiency and high P sorbing capacities are a major limitation to intensive cropping of many soils in the Cerrado area of Central Brazil. A field study comparing rates and placement of P for corn (Zea may L.) was conducted to determine initial and long-term P fertilization requirements. Rates of broadcast P were 70, 140, 280, and 560 kg P/ha and banded rates were 35, 70, and 140 kg P/ha. In addition, combination treatments of 140 or 35 kg P/ha broadcast and banded rates of 35 kg/ha per crop were used.
Broadcast treatments gave greater yields than band treatments at the same rates for the first crop. At the end of four crops, however, total yields and P uptake were very similar for broadcast and band treatments in which the same total amount of P had been applied. Marked residual effects were observed with the higher rates of broadcast P.
A greenhouse study was conducted in which a given amount of P was mixed with varying proportions of the total soil volume. Corn growth and P uptake were a function of both the concentration of P in the portion of the soil fertilized and the percent of the total soil volume that was fertilized. These results tend to explain the increase with time in relative yields of the banded treatments.
The best method for applying P to these high adsorbing soils appears to be an initial broadcast application of 140 kg P/ha and a band application of 35 kg P/ha to each crop. This treatment maintained the available soil P at the critical soil test level and produced 80 to 85% of the maximum yield.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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