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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Irrigation Water Conservation Using Wide-spaced Furrows1


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 43 No. 2, p. 407-411
    Received: June 16, 1978
    Accepted: Oct 26, 1978

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  1. J. F. Stone,
  2. J. E. Garton,
  3. B. B. Webb,
  4. H. E. Reeves and
  5. J. Keflemariam2



Furrow irrigation studies comparing water applications to narrow and wide-spaced furrows were conducted on three crops at thee locations in Oklahoma over eight growing seasons. Wide-spaced-furrow irrigation usually required about half the water of narrow spacing. In 9 of 11 studies, no yield reductions were noted. In the seasons where yield reductions were noted, the atmospheric evaporative demand was high. A simple test was devised to indicate if a season in progress shows high atmospheric demand. The evaporative demand test involves measurement of rainfall and daily wind movement. Using standard National Weather Service instruments, daily average of rain > 1.6 mm between 15 July and 31 Aug. combined with daily wind movement < 155 km in August caused no yield reduction in wide-spaced-furrow irrigation. Wind was measured at the standard height of a “Class A” evaporation pan (51 cm). Conservation of water from wide-spaced-furrow irrigation should be possible on medium to fine textured soils in many semiarid regions of the world.

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