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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Soil-Landscape Relationships of the Tidal Marshes of Maryland1


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 43 No. 3, p. 534-541
    Received: July 18, 1978
    Accepted: Dec 14, 1978

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  1. R. G. Darmody and
  2. J. E. Foss2



A study was conducted to investigate and model the soil-landscape relationships represented in the 87,000 ha of tidal marsh in Maryland. Models are presented for three physiographic marsh landscapes: Coastal, Estuarine, and Submerged Upland. Coastal marshes, about 8% of the total marsh area, have formed in the lagoons behind coastal barrier islands. The associated soils are primarily Sulfaquents and Sulfihemists. Estuarine marshes, 38% of the total, have formed from recent accumulation of sediments in stream channels and estuarine meanders. The majority of the associated soils are Sulfaquents, Sulfihemists, and Hydraquents. Submerged Upland marshes are the most extensive, covering an estimated 54% of the total. These marshes have formed as a result of the inundation of low-lying uplands by rising sea level. It appears that the soils were formerly Aquults and, because of submergence, they have become Histic Halaqualfs (proposed) and Sulfihemists.

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