Charge Characteristics of Soils with Variable and Permanent Charge Minerals: I. Theory1
- G. Uehara and
- G. P. Gillman2
The net surface charge density of soil colloids consisting of mixtures of variable and permanent charge minerals is treated as the sum of the two types of surface charge. The permanent charge is assumed to be constant in magnitude, and negative, zero, or positive in sign, and the variable charge is permitted to vary in magnitude and sign with pH and electrolyte concentration. Based on these assumptions, relations are developed which show that there are two zero points of charge. The zero point of charge of the mixture as a whole is designated ZPNC and the zero point of charge of the variable charge component is designated pH0. The ZPNC can be determined by ion adsorption measurements, and pH0 by potentiometric titration. In mixtures, ZPNC is lower than pH0 when permanent charge is negative and higher than pH0 when the permanent charge is positive. The magnitude of the permanent charge can be determined by measuring cation and anion retention at the pH corresponding to pH0. Specific surface of mixed systems can be estimated by measuring negative ion adsorption at pH values sufficiently different from pH0.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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