A Comparison of the Use of Phenolase and Peroxidase for the Synthesis of Model Humic Acid-type Polymers1
- J. P. Martin and
- K. Haider2
Yields of HA (humic acid) and FA (fulvic acid) fractions of mushroom phenolase-catalyzed humic acid-type polymers varied considerably. The higher yields from 4 g of phenol mixture alone or with 1 g of various amino acids, glucosamine, or protein; and with 150 to 300 mg of phenolase varied from 1.5 to 2.5 g with about equal amounts in both fractions. As determined by use of 14C-labeled compounds, about 33% of the ferulic acid; 55% of catechol; 5 to 14% of glycine, lysine, and glucosamine; 50% of cysteine; and 100% of the protein present in the reaction mixtures were recovered in the ploymers. Using an adaptation of the peroxidase — H2O2 method for preparing model lignins the yields of humic polymers were more consistent, varied from 2.5 to 3.5 g, and about 80% of each polymer was recovered as HA. Also about 77% of the ferulic acid; 95% of catechol; 23 to 34% of glycine, lysine, and glucosamine; 63% of cysteine; and essentially all of the protein present in the reaction mixtures were recovered in the polymers. All model polymers were resistant to biodegradation in the soil. During 12 weeks 4 to 8% of benzene ring carbons and 8 to 25% of ferulic acid side group, amino acid, glucosamine, and protein carbons were evolved as CO2.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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