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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 44 No. 5, p. 993-995
    Received: Dec 17, 1979
    Accepted: Apr 18, 1980

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Plant Effects on Soil Manganese Availability1

  1. Gnahoua H. Godo and
  2. H. M. Reisenauer2



Relationships differ greatly between soil Mn solubility and pH, between plant uptake of Mn and soil pH, and between plant uptake of Mn and nutrient solution pH. The discrepancies suggest that soil Mn availability is controlled by neither soil nor plant characteristics per se but by the combined effects of soil properties, plant characteristics, and the interactions of plant roots and the surrounding soil.

Experiments were done to evaluate the contributions of root/soil interactions, specifically those of root exudates, to Mn availability. The solubility of soil Mn and of MnO2 in root exudates and in rhizosphere and bulk soils was measured over the pH range of 4.5 to 6.5. The relationships between pH and MnO2 solubility in solutions of root exudates and selected root exudate components closely resembled those between plant uptake of Mn and soil pH. Similarly, the relationship between CaCl2-soluble Mn in the rhizosphere soil and soil pH resembled that between plant uptake of Mn and soil pH. The pattern with pH of the CaCl2-soluble Mn of the bulk soil was that of soil alone and fell below that of the rhizosphere soil. These relations establish that root exudates make an important contribution to plant uptake of soil Mn. Exudate compounds, such as hydroxy-carboxylates, increase soil Mn solubility through reducing MnO2 and complexing the divalent Mn released. The effect is particularly marked in systems more acid than pH 5.5 and explains many of the apparent anomalies of soil Mn availability.

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