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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 44 No. 5, p. 1089-1095
     
    Received: May 16, 1979
    Accepted: Apr 15, 1980


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1980.03615995004400050043x

Effects of Temperature and Iron(III) Concentration on the Hydrolytic Formation of Iron(III) Oxyhydroxides and Oxides1

  1. Ming K. Wang and
  2. Pa Ho Hsu2

Abstract

Abstract

Fe(ClO4)3 solutions, of concentration ranging from 0.01M to 0.1M, were hydrolyzed at different temperatures and periodically analyzed up to 14 months. The reaction products were very different in their appearance and stability. For a given iron(III) concentration, the sample appearance changed as the temperature of preparation changed. Beginning as true solutions at lower temperatures, the samples progressively appear as coarse precipitates, turbid suspensions and clear sols as the temperature of preparation increases. For a given temperature of preparation, the products showed the same sequence of changes with decreasing Fe(III) concentration. The products are largely goethite, with an occasional presence of lepidocrocite when prepared at 37°C or below, but are hematite and/or goethite when prepared at 55°C or above. The results suggest that the differences in appearance and stability merely reflect the distribution of particle size but not the mineralogical composition. The degree of supersaturation is suggested as the key factor governing the initial number of nuclei relative to the concentration of monomeric Fe(III) ions, which, in turn, governs the appearance and stability of hydrolyzed Fe(III) solutions. A change in temperature results in changes in the reaction rate as well as the equilibrium constant and, thus, the degree of supersaturation.

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