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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 45 No. 4, p. 682-687
     
    Received: Sept 4, 1979
    Accepted: Feb 3, 1981


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1981.03615995004500040002x

Soil Hydraulic Properties as Stochastic Processes: I. An Analysis of Field Spatial Variability1

  1. David Russo and
  2. Eshel Bresler2

Abstract

Abstract

Determinations of the sorptivity (S) and five parameters describing the hydraulic conductivity [K(h)] and soil water retentivity [θ(h)] functions have been used to analyze the spatial distribution of the hydraulic properties in an experimental field. The parameters are: saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks); water entry value (hw); saturated (θs) and residual (θr) water contents; and a constant β characterizing the pore size distribution of the soil. For a given depth, each of these parameters is described as a realization of a stationary two-dimensional isotropic and random process. These stochastic processes are characterized by truncated normal or log-normal probability density functions independent of the spatial position, and by autocorrelation functions between any two spatial points in the field which depend solely on the size of the vector separating the two points. The spatial variability of each of the six parameters has a structure that is characterized by a characteristic length—the integral scale, J, representing the largest distance for which the parameter is correlated with itself. Values of J, which are calculated from the autocorrelation functions for each parameter generally decrease with depth. On the average over depth the calculated values of J are 21, 44, 55, 25, 35, and 15 meters for the parameters Ks, hw, θs, θr, S, and β, respectively. The spatial variability of the hydraulic functions are described by the probability density functions and the autocorrelation functions. Since the integral scales of K(h) and θ(h) vary with both h and depth, the characteristic length of the field has been chosen as the integral scale of the weighted mean diffusivity which is 18 m.

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