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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 47 No. 1, p. 85-91
     
    Received: Dec 16, 1981
    Accepted: Sept 4, 1982


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1983.03615995004700010017x

NCSOIL, A Model of Nitrogen and Carbon Transformations in Soil: Description, Calibration, and Behavior1

  1. J. A. E. Molina,
  2. C. E. Clapp,
  3. M. J. Shaffer,
  4. F. W. Chichester and
  5. W. E. Larson2

Abstract

Abstract

NCSOIL is a submodel of a larger program NTRM (nitrogen-tillage-residue management). NCSOIL computes short-term dynamics of carbon and nitrogen organics, ammonium, and nitrate which result from the processes of residue decomposition, mineralization, immobilization, nitrification, and denitrification. Both total and isotopic nitrogen are considered. NCSOIL is built on the concept of catenary sequence of heterogenous substrates. The active soil organic phase is divided in two pools which are dynamic, defined by their kinetic rate constants and their position in the model structure. Residues are defined in terms of their chemical or morphological nature. A double feedback loop in the carbon flow adjusts the rate of residue decomposition and the efficiency factor to the availability of inorganic nitrogen. NCSOIL was calibrated with, and its behavior contrasted against published and unpublished data from an experiment reported by Chichester et al. in Soil Science (see p. 455, vol. 120): “Relative Mineralization Rates of Indigenous and Recently Incorporated 15-N labeled Nitrogen.” Experimental results of the Chichester et al. experiment were discussed in view of computer-simulated flow rates and substrate concentrations.

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