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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 50 No. 1, p. 202-205
     
    Received: Aug 16, 1984
    Accepted: July 5, 1985


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1986.03615995005000010038x

Field Aging of Transparent Polyethylene Mulches: I. Photometric Properties1

  1. R. Avissar,
  2. Y. Mahrer,
  3. L. Margulies and
  4. J. Katan2

Abstract

Abstract

Field observation of the temperature regime of irrigated plots mulched with new and old (previously used during one solarization season) transparent polyethylene sheets, has shown that higher temperatures prevail under the old sheets. In order to explain this unexpected phenomenon, we measured the photometric properties (absorbance, transmittance, and reflectance in the ultraviolet-visible and infrared regions of the radiation spectrum) of polyethylene mulches at four aging states encountered during prolonged field utilization. The measurements, carried out both in the field (with pyranometers) and in the laboratory (with spectrophotometers), show that the photometric properties change significantly during the aging process. Fine water droplets that condense on new polyethylene sheets reflect significantly more global radiation and better transmit infrared radiation than the soil deposits and water film found on polyethylene sheets after utilization during one solarization season. The thus increased incoming radiative flux at soil surface can explain the observed higher temperature.

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