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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 50 No. 3, p. 693-699
    Received: June 19, 1985

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Pedogenesis on the Edwards Plateau, Texas: III. New Model for the Formation of Petrocalcic Horizons1

  1. M. C. Rabenhorst and
  2. L. P. Wilding2



Petrocalcic horizons occur in a number of soils formed from Cretaceous limestone in central and west Texas (Edwards Plateau land resource area). Microfabric and stable C isotope analyses confirmed that the indurated carbonate zones are mostly of pedogenic origin. Multiple lines of evidence indicate that the petrocalcic horizons in these soils form through a process of limestone alteration by in situ dissolution and reprecipitation of carbonates. Evidence includes: (i) very low noncarbonate residue levels in petrocalcic horizons, which are comparable to levels in limestone bedrock; (ii) lithologic discontinuities between petrocalcic horizons and the overlying sola; (iii) presence, concentration, and particle size distribution of flourite in some petrocalcic horizons; (iv) presence of secondary silica within petrocalcic horizons indicating limited movement of components within this zone; and (v) microfabric analysis. This in situ process is in distinct contrast to commonly held models depicting translocation and accumulation of carbonates within a solum that was initially nonindurated. A model is proposed to describe the genesis of limestone-derived petrocalcic horizons.

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