Kinetics of Ion Exchange on Clay Minerals and Soil: I. Evaluation of Methods1
- R. A. Ogwada and
- D. L. Sparks2
The effect of kinetic methodology on adsorption rate coefficients (ka) and energies of activation for adsorption (Eaa) were investigated using five different techniques. These techniques were: miscible displacement, batch, static, stirred, and vortex batch. Kinetics of K adsorption were studied on Ca-saturated kaolinite, a Chester soil (fine-loamy, mixed mesic Typic Hapludults) and vermiculite. The ka values were highest for kaolinite and lowest for vermiculite. The higher ka values observed for kaolinite would be expected since a relatively pure kaolin would exhibit only easily accessible planar surface sites for K exchange. The ka values for the Chester soil were a reflection of the intermediate properties of this soil between kaolinite and vermiculite. The type of kinetic technique greatly affected the time required for equilibrium to be attained in K adsorption. From greatest to least time, the order was: static > miscible displacement > batch > stirred > vortex batch. Both static and miscible displacement techniques yielded the lowest ka and Eaa values for all three colloids. This is primarily because these methods represent systems where the influence of diffusion on the rate of K adsorption is at its maximum. Only for kaolinite did the ka and Eaa values of both the stirred and batch techniques approximate, in magnitude, those of the vortex method. With the Chester soil and vermiculite, which contain appreciable interlayer sites, the stirred and batch techniques yielded ka and Eaa values much lower than those for the vortex batch method. These results indicate that in colloids where more significant intraparticle diffusion occurs, the batch or stirring technique as used in this study is not effective in eliminating the influence of diffusion.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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