Boron Adsorption on California Soils1
- Sabine Goldberg and
- R. A. Glaubig2
Boron adsorption on 15 arid zone soil samples was investigated both as a function of equilibrium B concentration (0–100 g m−3) and as a function of solution pH (5.5–11.5). Boron adsorption as a function of equilibrium B concentration could be described by the Freundlich adsorption isotherm over the entire concentration range studied and by the Langmuir adsorption isotherm over a limited concentration range. Boron adsorption increased from pH 5.5 to 8.5, exhibited a peak in the pH range 8.5 to 10, and decreased from pH 10 to 11.5. The adsorption maximum was highly correlated with both specific surface area and clay content. It was assumed that B adsorbs by ligand exchange with hydroxyl groups at the edges of clay particles and Al and Fe oxide minerals. The constant capacitance model was able to describe B adsorption on the soil samples. While the fit was generally good, the chemical significance of one of the surface complexation constants is uncertain for a few soil samples. An average set of surface complexation constants could be used to predict B adsorption on most of the soil samples studied.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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