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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 51 No. 2, p. 323-331
    Received: Jan 24, 1986

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Kinetics of Sulfate Adsorption and Desorption by Cecil Soil Using Miscible Displacement1

  1. Steven C. Hodges and
  2. Gordon C. Johnson2



The kinetics of SO2-4 adsorption and desorption at 4, 22, and 40°C by untreated and CaCl2-treated samples of a Cecil Bt2 horizon were studied using miscible displacement and a rapidly stirred batch procedure. Adsorption data was plotted according to the linear forms of the first order, Elovich, parabolic diffusion, and shell progressive particle and film diffusion equations. The latter two equations consider the effects of strong interaction between SO2-4 and the soil surface on diffusion. The shell progressive particle diffusion, the Elovich, and the first-order equations provided the best fits of the adsorption data (R2 values > 0.95). The desorption data was best fit by the shell progressive particle diffusion, the Elovich, and the parabolic diffusion equations. Desorption of SO2-4 by KCl was not reversible within a period of two times that of the adsorption period. Decreases in the apparent reaction rate coefficients (slopes of the regression equations) were unexpectedly observed with increasing temperature for the untreated samples, indicating that soil-bound Al may affect the rate of SO2-4 reactions as well as the quantities of SO2-4 adsorbed. Under the assumption that the miscible displacement procedure more accurately models the field situation, a batch equilibrium isotherm procedure overestimated the SO2-4 adsorption capacity, and the rapidly stirred batch procedure underestimated the time required for SO2-4 to react with soil surfaces. Dependency of the reaction rate coefficients on the mixing rate and flow rate, a limited temperature dependency, and the good fit of the data by the shell progressive particle diffusion model indicate that the apparent reaction rate in the miscible displacement procedure is controlled by diffusion of SO2-4 through a reacted soil particle or aggregate rather than an elementary chemical reaction or diffusion through the film surrounding soil particles.

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