Two-site Model for Aluminum Oxide with Mass Balanced Competitive pH + Salt/Salt Dependent Reactions1
- C. P. Schulthess and
- D. L. Sparks2
A backtitration technique was used to collect proton isotherm data for an Al oxide, and was found to be stoichiometrically related to the cation and anion isotherm behavior. The adsorption of various ions by the Al oxide surface was modeled based on: (i) two surface sites, (ii) pH + salt-dependent reactions (H+ and Cl-, 2OH-, or Na+ and OH-), (iii) competitive salt-dependent reactions (Na+ or Cl-), (iv) CO2(aq) pH-dependent reactions with the surface-OH groups, and (v) presence of an unknown M+Cl- salt (0.0005 M). The total number of Al sites was 1.7 µmol m−2 or 3.4 µmol m−2 of total available sites. The pH of point of zero salt effect (PZSE) represented the surface condition in which the negative charges (or cation surfaces) equaled the positive charges (or anion surfaces); the cation exchange capacity (CEC) equaled the anion exchange capacity (AEC) at this value. The CEC-AEC data and proton isotherm data were stoichiometrically correlated. The pH of PZSE values ranged from 7.50 to 7.76 depending on the electrolyte concentration present, with lower values as the concentration increased. The negative shifts in the PZSE values are due to anion impurities initially present on the surface and positive shifts are due to cation impurities.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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