Distribution and Plant Availability of Soil Boron Fractions1
- Jin-yun Jin,
- D. C. Martens and
- L. W. Zelazny2
The fractionation of soil B and the plant availability of each fraction have not been examined extensively. This laboratory and greenhouse research was conducted to study the distribution and plant availability of B in different soil fractions. Total B in the 14 soils under study ranged from 21.5 to 96.3 mg kg−1. A trace to 0.34% of the total B was in a water-soluble form; ≤0.23% was 0.02 M CaCl2 extractable (nonspecifically adsorbed B); from 0.05 to 0.30% was mannitol exchangeable (specifically adsorbed B); and from 0.23 to 1.52% was acidified NH2OH·HCl extractable (B occluded in Mn oxyhydroxides). Ammonium oxalate solution (pH 3.25) extracted from 2.8 to 34.4% of the total soil B in the dark (B occluded in noncrystalline Al and Fe oxyhydroxides) and from 17.5 to 73.9% under ultraviolet (UV) light (B occluded in crystalline Al and Fe oxyhydroxides). Residue B, which was considered to be in association with soil silicates, accounted for 2.4 to 79.2% of the total B. Boron concentration in corn (Zea mays L.) tissue correlated positively (α = ≤0.05) with water-soluble B, CaCl2 extractable B, mannitol exchangeable B, and acidified NH2OH·HCl extractable B. The sum of these four fractions, which were related to B availability, accounted for only 0.4 to 2.0% of the total B in the 14 soils. Boron concentration in corn tissue was unrelated (α = 0.05) to NH4-oxalate extractable B (either in the dark or under UV light) and to the residue B fraction. These relationships indicate that B in noncrystalline and crystalline Al and Fe oxyhydroxides and in silicates was relatively unavailable for plant uptake.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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