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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 51 No. 6, p. 1487-1492
    Received: July 7, 1986



Movement of Manganese-54 in Calcareous Soils as Affected by Leaching Solution, Lime Content, Salinization, and Sterilization1

  1. A. A. Fahad2



Movement of 54 Mn was investigated in calcareous soil columns (untreated, partially depleted lime, salinized, and sterilized) leached with 0.05 mol CaCl2 L−1 followed by 0.03 mol EDTA L−1 (ethyle-nediaminetetraacetic acid). Manganese was monitored along the soil columns using gamma spectrometry and measured in the effluent during the leaching course (80–120 d). Results indicated that the leaching with CaCl2 for 45 d left 63, 32, and 10% of the applied Mn in the upper 0.5 cm of the silty clay, loam, and loamy sand soils, respectively, with no Mn detected below 5.0 cm. Conversely, leaching with EDTA for 4 d resulted in a nearly uniform distribution of Mn in the 20-cm soil columns. The various soil treatments caused a reduction in the retention capacity of the three soils for Mn with the maximum reduction occurring in the soils with partially depleted lime. In most cases, leaching with CaCl2 for 45 d produced no Mn in the column effluent except negligible amounts of Mn that were displaced from the sterilized and 50 g lime kg−1 columns. On the other hand, Mn emerged in the effluent immediately after EDTA application and continued until the end of the leaching course. The shape and the position of the breakthrough curves varied depending on the specific soil treatment.

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