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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

A Unifying Quantitative Analysis of Soil Texture: Improvement of Precision and Extension of Scale


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 52 No. 1, p. 181-190
    Received: Aug 18, 1986

    * Corresponding author(s):
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  1. Mostafa A. Shirazi ,
  2. J. Warren Hart and
  3. Larry Boersma
  1. USEPA
    Environmental Res. Lab., 200 S.W. 35th St., Corvallis, OR 97333
    Dep. of Soil Science, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331



This paper extends a procedure for transforming the standard textural triangle into a new diagram based on mean particle size, dg, and standard deviations of particle size, σg. Values of dg and σg, obtained from the mechanical analysis on percents of clay, silt, and sand, provide a unified basis for comparing soils and physical and chemical properties of the soils. It is shown that the procedure proposed earlier is valid for samples that do not have a lognormal distribution for the whole sample. Using this approach, samples with very different distributions of each fraction can be accurately described. Information from different classification systems (e.g., USDA, ISSS, and engineering) can be used to calculate dg and σg, thus making it possible to unify the systems. The procedure further makes it possible to extend the scale to include particles with diameters > 2 mm. Mean particle size and standard deviates are correlated with soil properties. An application is shown in the from of a relationship between water retention and dg and σg.

Contribution from USEPA Corvallis Environmental Res. Lab. and Dep. of Soil Science, Oregon State Univ.

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