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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Selection of a Parameter Describing Soil Surface Roughness


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 52 No. 5, p. 1439-1445
    Received: Dec 8, 1986

    * Corresponding author(s):
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  1. G. A. Lehrsch ,
  2. F. D. Whisler and
  3. M. J. M. Römkens
  1. USDA-ARS, Soil & Water Management Res. Unit, Rt. 1, 3793 N. 3600 East, Kimberly, ID 83341
    Dep. of Agronomy, Mississippi State Univ., P.O. Box 5248, Mississippi State, MS 39762
    USDA Natl. Sedimentation Lab., P.O. Box 1157, Oxford, MS 38655



The microrelief of the soil surface, termed soil surface roughness, affects water movement into a soil profile as well as seedling germination in the seedbed. When analyzing surface roughness, the selection of a measurable, physically significant parameter describing roughness is critical. An evaluation was conducted on eight roughness parameters, including maximum peak height, a microrelief index (the area per unit transect length between the measured surface profile and the least-squares regression line through all measured positions of the transect), peak frequency, and MIF (the product of the microrelief index and peak frequency). The objective of the study was to select the parameter being the best descriptor of soil surface roughness. An automated, noncontact profiler was used to obtain surface profiles along transects, 5-cm apart, of 1-m by 1-m plots after a cultivation and a simulated rainfall application at each of three different stages of soybean [Glycine max (L.)] development. For each cultivation, surface profiles were obtained on bare plots before rainfall and on adjacent vegetated plots after rainfall. The common logarithm of the MIF parameter was selected as the best descriptor of surface roughness because of its sensitivity to simulated rainfall as a source of variation, and its consistent response to such rainfall. MIF can also account for spatial dependency and can be measured relatively precisely.

Part of a dissertation submitted by the senior author in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph.D. degree at Mississippi State Univ. Contribution from the Mississippi Agric. For. Exp. Stn., Mississippi State, MS, and the USDA Natl. Sedimentation Lab., Oxford, MS. Journal no. 6472.

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