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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 52 No. 6, p. 1593-1596
     
    Received: Nov 9, 1987


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1988.03615995005200060014x

Mineralization of Phosphorus in Sludge-Amended Soils Monitored by Phosphorus-31-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

  1. Zeina R. Hinedi ,
  2. A. C. Chang and
  3. R. W. K. Lee
  1. Soil Science Dept., 2169 McCarty Hall, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611
    Dep. of Soils and Environmental Sciences, Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521
    Chemistry Dep., Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521

Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of the experiment was to observe the changes occurring in the different phosphorus (P) pools in sludge-amended soils during incubation using 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P NMR) to qualitatively and quantitatively register P transformations. An acid and an alkaline soil were each incubated with sludges that underwent different digestion processes. The 31P NMR spectra of those soils after 1, 28, 70, and 140 d of incubation showed that P diesters completely hydrolyzed after 28 d of incubation in both soils, irrespective of the type of sludge incorporated. After 140 d of incubation, P monoesters were still detected in the acid soil while they had completely hydrolyzed in the alkaline soil. Pyrophosphates were detected after 70 d of incubation in the alkaline soil and 140 d of incubation in the acid soil. The study suggested that acidity has an adverse effect on the microbial degradation of P monoesters and pyrophosphates in sludge-amended soils.

Contribution from the Dep. of Soil and Environmental Sciences and the Dep. of Chemistry, Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521.

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