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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 54 No. 5, p. 1273-1278
     
    Received: Feb 16, 1989
    Published: Sept, 1990


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1990.03615995005400050012x

Analyses of Adsorption Kinetics Using a Stirred-Flow Chamber: I. Theory and Critical Tests

  1. Asher Bar-Tal ,
  2. Sala Feigenbaum,
  3. Donald L. Sparks and
  4. John D. Pesek
  1. Inst. of Soils and Water, Agric. Res. Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
    Dep. of Plant and Soil Sciences
    College of Agricultural Sciences, Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE 19717-1303

Abstract

Abstract

The study of ion-exchange kinetics on soils and soil constituents has attracted much interest throughout the last decade. The introduction of a stirred-flow method to study these reactions, as well as other adsorption-desorption phenomena, has stimulated this interest. However, the manner in which rate data are interpreted using this technique and other flow methods has been questioned. Accordingly, a numerical solution for various instantaneous equilibrium and kinetic models is presented. It was found that rate data that could be described using an instantaneous equilibrium model could also be interpreted using a kinetic model. Therefore, the validity of kinetic rate coefficients obtained by flow methods is questionable. An analytical approach was developed to outline experimental methods that could be used to distinguish between instantaneous equilibrium and time-dependent reactions and to differentiate between solution-concentration-dependent kinetic models vs. those that are independent of solution concentration. By using this approach, and employing various flow rates and influent concentrations, as well as using a stopped-flow technique, it is easy to decide whether rates of reactions can be measured using the stirred-flow method for specific experimental conditions.

Contribution no. 2514-E, 1989 series, from the Agric. Res. Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel. Published with the approval of the director of the Delaware Agric. Exp. Stn. as Miscellaneous Paper no. 1322. Contribution no. 254 of the Dep. of Plant and Soil Sciences, Univ. of Delaware.

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