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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Analyses of Adsorption Kinetics Using a Stirred-Flow Chamber: II. Potassium-Calcium Exchange on Clay Minerals


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 54 No. 5, p. 1278-1282
    Received: Oct 2, 1989

    * Corresponding author(s):
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  1. Matthew J. Eick ,
  2. Donald L. Sparks,
  3. Asher Bar-Tal and
  4. Sala Feigenbaum
  1. Dep. of Plant and Soil Sciences, Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE 19717-1303
    Inst. of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel



Potassium-calcium adsorption kinetics on a Llano vermiculite and an Arizona montmorillonite were studied using a stirred-flow technique. Various experiments were conducted to distinguish between (i) instantaneous equilibrium and time-dependent reactions, and (ii) solution-concentration-dependent kinetic models vs. those that are independent of solution concentration. These experiments included varying the flow rate and influent concentration and stopping the flow for a period of time. It was found that K-Ca exchange on montmorillonite was too rapid to be measured with the stirred-flow technique, while exchange rates on vermiculite could be ascertained. Adsorption kinetic parameters should be included in transport models to more accurately predict the fate of ions in soils dominated by vermiculitic and micaceous clay minerals.

Published with the approval of the Delaware Agric. Exp. Stn. as Miscellaneous Paper no. 1323, Contribution no. 255 of the Dep. of Plant and Soil Sciences, Univ. of Delaware.

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