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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Automated Nitrogen-15 Analysis of Ammonium in Diffusion Disks by the Rittenberg Technique


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 56 No. 4, p. 1185-1188
    Received: Aug 27, 1991

    * Corresponding author(s):
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  1. Y. P. Liu and
  2. R. L. Mulvaney 
  1. Dep. of Agronomy, 1102 S. Goodwin Ave., Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801



A recent development in 15N analysis of inorganic N in soil extracts involves diffusion of NH3 into acidified glass-fiber disks in disposable specimen containers. A simple and convenient technique was developed for isotope-ratio analysis of the NH4 in these disks using a mass spectrometer equipped with an automated Rittenberg apparatus (ARA-MS). For collection of diffused NH3, the disks were treated with 10 µL of 1 M H2SO4. Following diffusion for 6 d, the disks, containing 50 to 150 µg of N, were transferred to a disposable plastic sample tray (96 wells per tray) and treated with 10 µL of 28.9 M (concentrated) HF, which digested the disks without affecting the tray. The tray was placed in a desiccator containing anhydrous CaSO4, for drying of the digested disks in 1 to 3 d. Good agreement was obtained between 15N analyses of diffused and nondiffused NH4-N when correction was made for isotopic dilution by NH4 in the reagents used in diffusion. Trays containing the processed disks can be conveniently shipped to a service laboratory for analysis by ARA-MS.

This study was a part of Project ILLU-15-0392, Illinois Agric. Exp. Stn.

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