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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 56 No. 5, p. 1481-1486
     
    Received: Aug 6, 1991


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1992.03615995005600050024x

Factors Affecting Nitrogen Immobilization in Soil as Estimated by Simulation Models

  1. Aviva Hadas ,
  2. Sala Feigenbaum,
  3. J. A. E. Molina and
  4. C. E. Clapp
  1. Inst. of Soils and Water, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
    Dep. of Soil Science, Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108
    USDA-ARS, St. Paul, MN 55108

Abstract

Abstract

Factors that control immobilization of inorganic N in soils not amended with organic C-rich materials have not been fully established. Different N flow schemes for N immobilization were tested by comparing the kinetics of CO2 evolution, NH+4-N, NO-3-N, inorganic 15N, and organic 15N excess, measured in soils incubated with 200 mg kg−1 of 15N-labeled NH+4-N, with data simulated by the computer model NCSOIL structured to representseveral pathways of C and N turnover. Estimates of those parameters most likely to induce or enhance N immobilization, namely the mineralizable soil organic matter content, its C/N ratio, and the efficiency with which C is assimilated by the soil microbial biomass were obtained by optimization. Cumulative N immobilization was up to 10% of the N added and was greater when NH+4 was added to dry soils than when added to preincubated soils. The immobilization was primarily due to the microbial biomass drawing N from the inorganic pool, rather than utilizing N directly from the decomposing soil organic matter. Nitrate formed by nitrification seemed to have also been immobilized. A microbial efficiency factor of 0.4 and a C/N ratio of 20 or more for mineralizable soil organic matter were needed to account for the observed rate of N immobilization.

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