Improvement of Structural Stability of a Clay Loam with Drying
- J. Caron ,
- B. D. Kay and
- J. A. Stone
A stable soil structure is important to maintain agricultural productivity and reduce environmental pollution. This study was conducted to identify mechanisms by which structure is rendered more stable after short-term changes in cropping history. Changes in cropping systems were found to increase the response of soil structural stability on drying of a Brookston clay loam (mesic Typic Haplaquoll). Three years of bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.) production following 20 y of continuous corn (Zea mays L.) improved the stability of aggregates >0.25 mm as water content decreased. This increased response on drying was a primary factor in the short-term beneficial effect of bromegrass on stability and was attributed to organic material dispiaced using a tetraborate buffer at pH 9.4. The decrease in the dispersible-clay fraction with decreasing water content was unaffected by changes in cropping history, but the response of the dispersible-clay fraction to a change in water content also involved tetraborate-sensitive material.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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