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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Growing Corn Root Effects on Interrill Soil Erosion


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 57 No. 4, p. 1066-1070
    Received: May 27, 1992

    * Corresponding author(s):
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  1. Elisabeth N. Bui and
  2. James E. Box Jr. 
  1. CSIRO, University Road, Private Mail Bag, P.O. Aitkenvale, Townsville, Queensland 4814, Australia
    USDA-ARS Southern Piedmont Conservation Research Center, P.O. Box 555, Watkinsville, GA 30677



The relationship between plant roots and interrill soil erosion is important in dynamic soil erosion predictions. Rainstorm simulations of similar intensity (63.5 mm h−1) were conducted in the summer of 1989 on 1 by 1 m field plots of Cecil sandy loam (clayey, kaolinitic, thermic Typic Kanhapludult) to study the effect of different root length densities, Lv (cm cm−3), of corn (Zea mays L.), during vegetative, preanthesis, and anthesis plant developmental stages on interrill soil erosion. Sediment loss and runoff data were assigned to treatments, Lva, on the basis of Lv range to reduce rooting variability associated with plant developmental stage. To avoid confounding by canopy cover, corn plants were cut at the stem base and removed for the first four sets of simulations. A reference set of simulations was performed on a fallow plot containing no roots, Lva0. Runoff and detached sediment were collected in buckets from each plot during successive 5-min intervals over a 1-h period. Thirty cores, 5 cm in diam. and 5 cm deep, were taken from each 1-m2 plot and roots were washed from the cores and measured. Means for runoff and detached sediment were generally not significantly different for the high Lv or Lva, and Lva0. When Lva was <1.5 cm cm−3, runoff and detached sediment were significantly lower during the first 30 min of simulated rainfall. High densities of live corn roots did not reduce interrill soil erosion from a moldboard-plowed Cecil sandy loam.

Contribution of the USDA-ARS, Watkinsville, GA.

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