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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Nutrient Availability and Foliar Nutrient Status of Sugar Maple Saplings following Fertilization


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 57 No. 4, p. 1107-1114
    Received: Mar 4, 1992

    * Corresponding author(s):
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  1. D. Paré,
  2. W. L. Meyer and
  3. C. Camiré 
  1. Groupe de recherche en écologie forestière, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, Succursale A, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3C 3P8
    Centre de Recherche en Biologie Foresitère, Faculté de Foresterie et de Géomatique, Pavillon Abitibi-Price, Université Laval, Sainte-Foy (Québec), Canada G1K 7P4



Foliar analysis of maple sugar (Acer saccharum Marsh.) saplings having low foliar K (5.4 g kg−1) and P (1.2 g kg−1) was carried out for 3 yr to investigate the effects of a single application of fertilizer P triple superphosphate [TSP], K (K2SO4) and Ca [Ca(OH)2]. Also, soll, water-saturated soil extract, resin sacks buried in situ, and lysimeter solution analysis methods were used. Potassium and P additions significantly increased foliar K (1.81 g kg−1 increase) and P (0.25 g kg−1 increase) for the 3 yr that the observations were conducted. Calcium addition had no effect on foliar element concentrations. A Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS) analysis corroborated the foliar analysis: K indices increased with increased K fertilization (from −47 to -23) and P indices increased with increased P fertilization (from -25 to −15). Calcium application significantly increased the effective cation-exchange capacity (CEC), exchangeable Ca and Mg and water-extractable Ca and decreased the acidity in the rooting zone for a 3-yr period. Conventional soil analysis and resin sacks detected significant effects of P and K fertilizers on their respective elements. However, these effects did not last more than 2 yr after fertilizer application in the surface soil horizon (Ah). Lysimeter solution analysis showed that K2SO4 fertilizer caused short-term increases in SO4 and Ca leaching. The duration of fertilizer P and K on foliar nutrition and the behavior of soil nutrients suggested that biochemical cycles are important mechanisms perpetuating fertilizer effects.

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