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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 58 No. 2, p. 416-423
    Received: Jan 14, 1993

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Soil Phosphorus Desorption Kinetics and Its Relationship with Plant Growth

  1. K. P. Raven  and
  2. L. R. Hossner
  1. Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M Univ., and Texas Agric. Exp. Stn., College Station, TX 77843



The kinetics of P desorption in soils is important to consider from a plant nutrition perspective. This study was designed to compare the ability of several equations to describe P desorption kinetics from soils and to relate the information derived from desorption kinetic curves to plant growth and P uptake. Samples of five soils (Psammentic Paleudult, Typic Calciustoll, Udic Pellustert, Vertic Albaqualf, and Aridic Calciustoll) were treated with five P levels (0, 25, 50 75, and 100 mg kg−1) and incubated at field capacity and 24 °C for 31 d. Phosphorus desorption kinetic data for each treatment were generated by equilibrating suspensions of the incubated soil samples with mesh bags containing HCO3-saturated anion-exchange resin for periods up to 96 h. Desorbed P was then determined by extraction of resin P with 0.5 M NaC1. Initial (after 0.25 h) and final (after 72 h) amounts of desorbed P and desorption rates were determined. The kinetic data were best described by the expanded form of the Elovich equation. The initial and final amounts of desorbed P were closely related to relative plant growth and P uptake. The final desorbed soil P was the best soil P availability index. Soil P desorption rates generally had soil-specific relationships with growth of corn (Zea mays L.) and P uptake and did not seem to limit the P nutrition of plants. The parameters of the expanded Elovich equation were not satisfactory indicators of the P-supplying capacity of the soil.

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